Greek Mythology Link

By Carlos Parada
Author of Genealogical Guide to Greek Mythology


TITANS

The Titan Atlas

 

Relevant links:

The TITANS ruled the world after having dethroned their father Uranus, who was the first ruler of the universe. It was their mother Gaia who persuaded them to attack their father and overthrow him; for she grieved at the destruction of her children, the CYLOPES and the HECATONCHEIRES, who had been cast into Tartarus by Uranus. The Titan Cronos then, ambushed his father and castrated him with a sickle, being himself appointed by the TITANS to be their sovereign. However, once in power, Cronos acted like his father and again shut the CYLOPES and the HECATONCHEIRES up in Tartarus.

And since both Gaia and Uranus foretold to Cronos that he would be dethroned by his own son, he decided to swallow his children as they were born [see Titanomachy ]. But Zeus escaped and, leading the OLYMPIANS, he waged war against the TITANS taking the CYLOPES and the HECATONCHEIRES, whom he liberated, as allies. This is how Cronos was dethroned and shut up, along with the other TITANS, in Tartarus. But later Zeus gave them their freedom again.

 

 

First generation (the offspring of Uranus and Gaia):

TITANS

Notes

Sources

Abbreviations

Coeus.

Mate

Offspring

Phoebe 1

Asteria 1

Leto

Apd.1.1.3, 1.2.2; Hes.The.134-136, 405ff.

Crius 1.

Mate

Offspring

Eurybia 1

Astraeus 1

Pallas 1

Perses 1.

Apd.1.1.2-3; Hes.The.134.

Cronos.

Ruler of the TITANS.

---.

Dione 1.

Mate

Offspring

Zeus

Aphrodite

Some have said that Dione 1 is one of the OCEANIDS.

Apd.1.1.3, 1.3.1; Hom.Il.5.370; Hes.The.350ff.

Hyperion 1.

Hyperion 1 has been identified with the sun. He is said to have been the first to understand the movement of the sun, moon and stars. His offspring is remarkable but no myths are attached to him. He shares the common fate of all of his race [see Titanomachy].

Mate

Offspring

Thia

Eos (Dawn)

Helius (Sun)

Selene (Moon)

Titan.

Namesake: Hyperion 2 is a son of King Priam 1 of Troy.

Apd.1.1.3, 1.2.2; Dio.5.67.1; Hes.The.134; Pau.2.11.5; Pin.Oly.7.39.

Iapetus 1.

Mate

[Two versions]

Offspring

a) Clymene 1

b) Asia 2

Menoetius 1

Atlas

Prometheus 1

Epimetheus

Hesperus 2.

Apd.1.1.3, 1.2.3; Dio.4.27.1; Hes.The.134, 506ff.; Hom.Il.8.479ff.

Mnemosyne.

Mnemosyne is Memory, the mother of the MUSES.

---.

Oceanus.

---.

Phoebe 1.

See Coeus above.

---.

Rhea 1.

The mother of the gods. Rhea 1 protected Zeus by wrapping a stone in clothes and giving it to Cronos to swallow, as if it were the newborn child.

See Cronos above.

Cybele, identified with Rhea 1

 

Apd.1.1.7; Arg.1.1098; Hes.The.135, 453ff.; Hyg.Ast.2.42; Hyg.Fab.139; Nonn.9.138, 9.225; Ov.Fast.4.182; Ov.Met.10.104, 10.686; Pla.Tim.40e; Strab.10.3.19; Vir.Aen.9.82.

Tethys.

See Oceanus.

---.

Themis.

---.

Thia.

Thia is also called Euryphaessa. It is said that for her sake men set a stamp upon gold, using it as current coin. See Hyperion 1 above.

Apd.1.1.3, 1.2.2; Hes.The.135; Hom.Hel.31.4; Pin.Isth.5.1.

 

Second generation (descending from the first):

TITANS

Notes

Sources

Abbreviations

Asteria 1.

 

Asteria 1 was loved by Zeus, and some say that in order to escape him, she turned into a quail and flung herself into the sea. Others have said that it was Zeus who turned her into a quail.

 

Parentage: Coeus & Phoebe 1 or Titan & unknown.

Mates

Offspring

Notes

Zeus.

Heracles 6.

Heracles 6 was worshipped in Tyre. He is the father of Carthago, one of the NYMPHS.

Perses 1.

Hecate.

Perses 1 is a Titan; see below.

Namesakes: Asteria 2 is one of the DANAIDS; Asteria 3 is one of the AMAZONS.

Apd.1.2.2-4, 1.4.1; Cic.ND.3.42; Hes.The.409-411; Hyg.Fab.53.

Astraea / Dike.

Astraea is Justice, the same as Dike.

Astraeus 1.

Astraeus 1 is called the father of the stars. No particular tales are attached to him, but his offspring is most remarkable.

Mate

Offspring

Eos

The WINDS.

Eosphorus [see below].

Dike.

Namesake: Astraeus 2 is one of the SATYRS.

Ara.Phae.97, 105; Apd.1.2.2; Hes.The.375, 378ff.; Hyg.Ast.2.25; Nonn.6.33ff.; Ov.Met.1.149.

Atlas.

Eos.

Eos is Dawn.

Eosphorus.

Eosphorus, also called Hesperus 1, Phosphorus or Lucifer, is the morning and evening star (Venus). Parentage: Astraeus 1 & Eos or Cephalus 2 & Eos.

Mate

Offspring

Notes

Philonis.

Ceyx.

Philonis is daughter of Daedalion, but he is called son of Eosphorus. Philonis is also said to be the mother of Autolycus 1 by Hermes, and of Philammon by Apollo. But some of her children are also attributed to Chione 2, also daughter of Daedalion.

?

Daedalion.

Daedalion was a cruel ruler that delighted in war was. Yet, when his daughter Chione 2 (or perhaps Philonis?) died he could not find consolation, and kept ever bewailing his lost child. So finally he gained Mount Parnassus and hurled himself from its top. But Apollo turned him into a hawk.

 

Apd.1.7.4; Hes.The.381; Hyg.Ast.2.42; Hyg.Fab.65, 161; Nonn.6.18; Ov.Met.11.271, 11.295; QS.5.132.

Epimetheus.

It is said that when the time arrived for mortal creatures to be created, the gods, after moulding their forms, charged Prometheus 1 and his brother Epimetheus to deal faculties to each creature. Epimetheus, they say, persuaded Prometheus 1 to let him do the dealing himself, saying that afterwards Prometheus 1 could examine what he had done. And to some creatures Epimetheus gave strength, and to others speed; some he armed and others he left unarmed, though giving them some other faculty so that they could survive. To some he gave wings, so that they could escape, and to others he gave the capacity to live underground. And while he distributed all capacities he took the precaution that no species should be extinguished. Likewise Epimetheus took into consideration the seasons, giving to all creatures the faculty of resisting both cold and heat. In similar manner he furnished each kind of creature with its proper food, so that some should feed on grass, others on fruits, and still others on creatures which they could devour.

This is how Epimetheus, lacking in wisdom, distributed all properties suited for survival among animals, leaving unequipped the race of men. Now the day had arrived for the emergence of all creatures and Prometheus 1 came to examine his brother's work. And so, noticing that Epimetheus had not devised anything for the preservation of humans, he stole wisdom in arts from Hephaestus and Athena, along with fire, so that men could exercise those crafts, and gave all these gifts to humanity.

This is why, Prometheus 1, for having corrected Epimetheus' mistake in such a way, was later accused of theft.

It is also said that Prometheus 1 had told his brother Epimetheus never to take a gift from Zeus, but Epimetheus, who did not think of what he had been told, accepted Zeus' gift (Pandora 1) and only later understood what happened. For until that time men lived free from ills, toil and sicknesses, but Pandora 1 opened a jar containing all kinds of evils and these flew out and since then they afflict mankind. Only Hope remained there.

Parentage

[Two versions]

Notes

a) Iapetus 1 and Clymene 1.

For Iapetus 1 see above. Clymene 1 and Asia 2 are OCEANIDS.

b) Iapetus 1 and Asia 2.

Mate

Offspring

Notes

Pandora 1

Pyrrha 1

Pyrrha 1 married Deucalion 1, the man who survived the Flood.

Apd.1.2.3, 1.7.2; Hes.The.511; Hes.WD.81; Plato.Pro.320d et seq.;

Helius.

Helius

 

Hesperus 2.

Son of Iapetus 1 & Clymene 1, daughter of Oceanus. Father of Hesperis, one of the HORAE.

Namesake: Hesperus 1 is another name for Eosphorus [see above].

Dio.4.27.1-2.

Leto.

Menoetius 1.

This Titan Zeus smote with a thunderbolt and hurled down to Tartarus during the Titanomachy.

Parentage

[Two versions]

Notes

a) Iapetus 1 and Clymene 1.

For Iapetus 1 see above. Clymene 1 and Asia 2 are OCEANIDS.

b) Iapetus 1 and Asia 2.

Namesakes: Menoetius 2 is father of Patroclus 1. For Menoetius 3 see ACHAEANS.

Apd.1.2.3; Hes.The.510, 515.

Pallas 1.

Parentage: Crius 1 & Eurybia 1.

Mate

Offspring

Styx

Nike (Victory)

Cratos (Power)

Zelos (Emulation)

Bia (Force).

Namesakes:

Pallas 2 is one of the sons of Lycaon 2.

Pallas 3, is the daughter of Triton, after whom the Palladium was called.

Pallas 4 is one of the GIANTS.

Pallas 5 was an Athenian, son of Pandion 4. He and his sons the Pallantides, were killed by Theseus.

Pallas 6 was son of Evander 2 and Carmenta. He was a companion of Aeneas in Italy.

Pallas 7 was son of Heracles 1 and Lavinia 1.

Pallas 8 was father of Chryse 3, first wife of Dardanus 1, son of Zeus and Electra 3, one of the PLEIADES.

Pallas 9 is said to be the son of Megamedes and the father of Selene.

Apd.1.2.2; Hes.The.375, 383ff.

Perses 1.

Parentage: Crius 1 & Eurybia 1.

Mate

Offspring

Asteria 1

Hecate

 

Namesakes:

Perses 2 is son of Perseus 1 and Andromeda.

Perses 3 is son of Helius and Perseis and brother of Aeetes.

Apd.1.2.2-4; Hes.The.375, 409-411; Hom.Dem.2.25.

Prometheus 1.

Selene.

Titan.

The place Titane near Corinth was named after him.

Parentage: Hyperion 1 & Thia. Offspring: Asteria 1.

Hyg.Fab.53; Pau.2.11.5.

 

Some belonging to the second generation but usually not called TITANS are for example:

Second generation but called otherwise

Notes

Sources

Abbreviations

Caanthus

Caanthus is called brother to Melia. He was commissioned by his father to seek his sister, who had been carried away. Finding that Apollo had Melia, and being unable to get her from him, he set fire to the precinct of Apollo, and consequently he was shot by Apollo for burning his shrine.

Pau.9.10.5.

Chiron

Dione 1

Dione 1, seen above in the first generation, could be an Oceanid.

OCEANIDS

Picus

See Circe.

RIVER GODS

 

Uncertain generation:

TITANS

Notes

Sources

Abbreviations

Anytus.

One of the TITANS who reared the Mistress, daughter of Demeter.

Pau.8.37.5.

Lelantus.

Mate

Offspring

Notes

Periboea 8

Aura 2

Periboea 8 is one of the OCEANIDS and Aura 2 is a Phrygian huntress.

Nonn.48.242ff.

Titanis.

Themis is called daughter of Titanis.

Hyg.Fab.183.


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This page belongs to the Greek Mythology Link, created and maintained by Carlos Parada since September 18, 1997.
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